Second Grade 

This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of 2nd grade in mathematics and English language arts/literacy. It focuses on the key skills your child will learn in these subjects, which will build a strong foundation for success in the other subjects him or her studies throughout the school year. This guide is based on the new Common Core State Standards, which have been adopted by more than 40 states. These K–12 standards are informed by the highest state standards from across the country. If your child is meeting the expectations outlined in these standards, he or she will be well prepared for 3rd grade.


English Language Arts and Literacy

Students in 2nd grade will gain more skills in reading, writing, speaking, and listening. They continue to learn and practice rules for matching sounds to letters that make up words, and they learn new concepts — such as words that share the same root (e.g., add and additional) — that help them figure out the meanings of new words. Writing will become an exciting way for your child to use newly learned words and phrases to express ideas. 

As they write and speak, 2nd graders will be more attentive to the formal and informal uses of English and will spell most words correctly in their writing.

Paying close attention to details, including illustrations and graphics, in stories and books to answer who, what, where, when, why, and how questions 

Determining the lesson or moral of stories, fables, and folktales

Using text features (e.g., captions, bold print, indexes) to locate key facts or information efficiently

Writing an opinion about a book he or she has read, using important details from the materials to support that opinion

Writing stories that include a short sequence of events and include a clear beginning, middle, and end

Participating in shared research projects (e.g., read books on a single topic to produce a report)

Taking part in conversations by linking his or her comments to the remarks of others and asking and answering questions to gather additional information or deepen understanding of the topic

Retelling key information or ideas from media or books read aloud

Producing, expanding, and rearranging sentences (e.g., “The boy watched the movie”; “The little boy watched the movie”; “The action movie was watched by the little boy”)

Determining the meaning of the new word formed when a known prefix or suffix is added to a known word (happy/unhappy; pain/painful/painless)


Mathematics

In 2nd grade, your child will build on last year’s work and gain important new skills. One of the most important outcomes for the year is to add and subtract two-digit numbers quickly and accurately (e.g., 77 – 28). Another important goal in 2nd grade is to understand what the digits mean in a three-digit number such as 463 (namely, 463 is four hundreds, six tens, and three ones). Your child also will build expertise with solving addition and subtraction word problems. Mastering addition and subtraction at the 2nd grade level is important so that your child will not have to review and repeat this material in 3rd grade, when the study of multiplication, division, and fractions will start. 

In 2nd grade, these include:

 Using understanding of place value to add and subtract

 Solving more challenging addition and subtraction word problems

 Measuring lengths, and solving word problems involving addition and subtraction of lengthsthe classroom?

 Solving challenging addition and subtraction word problems with one or two steps (e.g., a “one-step” problem would be: “Lucy has 23 fewer apples than Julie. Julie has 47 apples. How many apples does Lucy have?”)

 Quickly and accurately adding with a sum of 20 or less (e.g., 11 + 8); quickly and accurately subtracting from a number 20 or less (e.g., 16 – 9); and knowing all sums of one-digit numbers from memory by the end of the year

 Understanding what the digits mean in three-digit numbers (place value)

 Using understanding of place value to add and subtract three-digit numbers (e.g., 811 – 367); adding and subtracting two-digit numbers quickly and accurately (e.g., 77 – 28) 

 Measuring and estimating length in standard units

 Solving addition and subtraction word problems involving length (e.g., “The pen is 2 cm longer than the pencil. If the pencil is 7 cm long, how long is the pen?”)

 Building, drawing, and analyzing 2-D and 3-D shapes to develop foundations for area, volume, and geometry in later grades


Social Studies

During the 2013-2014 school year we have adopted an innovated and engaging educational tool to instill in children the desire to be lifelong learners, to value the past and to understand their roles as citizens of our country and our world.  The students will receive a weekly newspaper with different topics that cover the Common Core grade level requirements.

Studies Weekly will improve students’ literacy skills and help facilitate the return of social studies as a meaningful and substantive part of students’ education.

We believe Social Studies is important for teaching young citizens the values. We believe that Social Studies is the “owner’s manual” for the liberties that empower "we the people" to govern ourselves. 


Science

To be competitive in the 21st century, students must have the knowledge and skills to succeed in college and in the knowledge-based economy.  Today, students are no longer just competing with their peers but with students from across the globe.

It is necessary for students to be held to the same academic expectations as students in other countries.

The Next Generation Science Standards offer a vision of science learning that presents both learning opportunities and demands for all students. The Next Generation Science Standards are connected to the Common Core Standards for English language arts and Mathematics. 


Physical Education

The Physical Education Program provides students with the opportunity to actively participate in many types of sequential movement activities leading towards an awareness of the importance of a healthy lifestyle.  They will acquire adequate age appropriate knowledge and the skills needed to maintain an active life through movement and physical fitness.

The First Grade students will develop the fundamental physical skills and advance to more complex movement activities. They will understand the concepts of physical fitness and develop and monitor individual progress.

They will participate in activities including skip patterns, gallop forward, slide with each foot, move as a group, balance with momentary stillness using different body parts, throw and catch a ball, and kick a rolling ball. 


Art    

Elementary students from grades one through five will become increasingly more aware of the contributions that the arts make to society and the effects that they have on the quality of life.  Students will become aware and develop an appreciation of individual abilities to invent, create, transform and improve the quality of life.  

Students will participate in simple to more complex artistic activities which will include the drawing of figures and backgrounds, learning to combine colors at different scales, as well as the identification of primary and secondary colors. They will use the line as the basic element of drawing to make compositions and learn symmetry.  Skills will be developed to execute three dimensional objects. Students will be exposed to art history and the use of color techniques to express themselves artistically.       

Thematic units will include the relationship of background figures, the study of colors and complementary colors, the warm and cold colors and the psychology of colors and lines; the use of varied techniques in making collages and the introduction of the use of clay to form different objects; identification of classical paintings and understand design concepts. 


Technology

In this first elementary level, students learn to recognize parts of the computer and its functions. Use of the Windows Operating system and correct use of the keyboard in order to gain typing skills by the use of our typing program that includes exercises to develop the ability to type correctly, students practice letters and develop more motors skills by practicing from 5 to 10 minutes during each class throughout the school year.

Students are focused in programs such as WordPad and Paint, which they prepare simple documents in WordPad by typing text in various sizes, fonts and colors, also they are able to open, save and print files.

Once a week students use the technology resources to practice material from one of their other classes


Cívica

Second Grade students will learn and reflect about life in the family, the school and the community, as well as formalize and strengthen attitudes which develop standards of ethics related to relationships and interrelationships between children and adults. They will internalize fundamental values, such as self-esteem and confidence, as well as identify adequate behavior, exhibit responsibility and commitment.  Students will show respect for diversity and the environment. Additionally they will understand, assume and internalize their rights and comply with their duties as citizens.  They will develop the concept of solidarity, participation and respect societal norms.  Students will value their personal identity as an individual.

Students will learn about authority and how to exercise it correctly without being abusive, and additionally the important characteristics when selecting leaders. They will examine and evaluate the need for norms and rules, as well as investigating and making just decisions courteously.  The students will learn about their rights, their responsibilities and the consequences of not being responsible.  They will understand the importance of respect and how to demonstrate through their actions. Our students will learn the importance of our natural resources including water and our green areas.

The thematic units will include:  Authority, The Norms of Living in a Community, Justice, Rights and Responsibilities, Respect and Caring for our Resources.


Lengua Española

Second Graders will demonstrate interest in communication skills and respect the norms of verbal exchange.  They will orally understand narrative texts and know the letters of the alphabet individually and in combination where they can discriminate between different vowel patters.  Students will show their interest in Spanish reading and writing skills, as well as be able to read and comprehend words, sentences and short passages with speed.

Students will read with understanding, write and speak using a variety of hands-on materials, story books, tapes and CD’s, games, workbooks and texts.  They will compare and describe characters and historical locations, prepare murals related to animals, write news and other stories and express their opinions.  Aside from describing objects, they will describe and write plans, write post cards and prepare dialogues.


Estudios Sociales

Second graders will increase their personal knowledge and of others in the areas physical, racial, ethnicity, familiar and the cultural society.  They will progressively develop autonomy, security and self-confidence. They will perceive and understand the relations with surrounding from the nearest situations to most distant, family, school, district, community and region.

Second grade students will understand and identify the general characteristics of natural environment and value the conservation and rational use of the surrounding natural resources. They will develop habits of work at home, at school and in the community. They will develop a democratic culture of participation, tolerance and respect between children in the family, the school, the community and the city.  They will develop the attitude of investigation and identity against the territory and to the different cultural manifestations from the surroundings, region, the nation and the world.

Thematic units will include:  The Family and The School, The Neighborhood and The Community, Needs and Resources, Jobs and Professions, Transportation, Norms and Laws and The Dominican Republic.


Educación en la Fe

Elementary students will be exposed to the concept of faith and its importance in strengthening the inner self through the understandings and teachings from the Bible.  Students will learn about the fundamental values necessary to be good Christians. 

Second Graders will learn to respect nature and discover the natural environment.  They will learn to appreciate, create order, and begin to value the beauty and harmony the God has provided each of us through His love as special human beings.  The students will appreciate the wonderful gift that the Lord has provided and transmit that love, caring and respect with our families by sharing who we are and what we have.  They will participate and interact individually and in groups using reflective techniques, hands-on materials, charts and other materials.


The Ministry of Education requires that all Elementary students learn Spanish, Dominican History, Religion and Civics.  It is important to learn, maintain and advance the use of the home language, the history and traditions of the Dominican Republic and to create civic awareness and responsibility so as to form future young women and men prepared to become the leaders of tomorrow.