Kinder (5 years old)

The following is a summary of the curriculum used in the Kindergarten class. The basis of this curriculum is the Common Core Standards, which actually begin in Kindergarten. We have added other skills, objectives and developmental benchmarks that apply to our culture and our customs, that we feel our children need to strengthen and develop throughout the school year. It is designed to meet all necessities and requirements established by the school system for children in this developmental level. It is normal to observe great developmental differences among children in the same group. 

Socio – Emotional Development

  • Recognize one’s own feelings and understand appropriate ways of expressing them.
  • Recognize other people’s feelings and respect them.
  • Manage feeling of frustration appropriately.
  • Have a positive attitude towards the learning environment.
  • Understand and respect differences.
  • Demonstrate feelings of self-confidence and personal competence.
  • Demonstrate increasing independence and initiative when choosing or completing activities.
  • Identify one’s gender and understand what makes one a boy or a girl.
  • Work cooperatively with others on completing a task.
  • Demonstrate general proper behaviors: waiting for one’s turn, following rules, proper use of manners, etc.
  • Resolve problems constructively.
  • Accept responsibility for maintaining the environment.
  • Learn and acquire positive moral and religious values.
  • Demonstrate trust in adults in the school environment.
  • Demonstrate interest and participate in classroom activities.
  • Demonstrate a sense of belonging to the school community.
  • Participate in routine activities easily.
  • Demonstrate care and responsibility for one’s own school work and homework.
  • Work both in groups and independently.
  • Respect classroom materials.
  • Seek out children and adults for socialization purposes.
  • Develop friendship skills, such as sharing; helping others, listening, respecting other’s rights, demonstrating empathy, etc.
  • Demonstrate the ability to regulate one’s own behavior.

Cognitive Development

  • Demonstrate an interest in exploring and experimenting.
  • Ask and respond to questions.
  • Demonstrate curiosity and desire to learn.
  • Observe and make discoveries.
  • Use creativity and imagination.
  • Persists in tasks.
  • Apply information and experience to a new context.
  • Use planning skills.
  • Classify objects by similarities and differences.
  • Put together objects that belong together.
  • Identify common properties in given sets.
  • Identify objects that don’t belong in a set, when all others share a common property.
  • Recall a sequence of events ( e.g. first, second, last)
  • Demonstrate increasing awareness of cause and effect relationships.
  • Begin to understand the concept of problem.
  • Identify problems in stories and everyday situations.
  • Find more than one solution to a problem.
  • Develop and apply strategies to solve a wide variety of problems, like: predicting solutions, and testing solutions.
  • Formulate problems.
  • Solve simple problems.

Language Arts

To expand verbal communication skills, use of vocabulary, grammar skills, phonetic awareness skills, and phonemic awareness skills.

  • Follow one-step, two-step and three-step directions.
  • Use words to explain ideas and feelings.
  • Use a wide variety of naming, describing and action words.
  • Participate in choral speaking and recites short poems, rhymes, songs and stories with repeated patterns.
  • Participates in group discussions.
  • Talk with other children during daily activities.
  • Participate in oral activities.
  • Recognize own name in print.
  • Identify rhyming words.
  • Recite the alphabet.
  • Distinguish letters and numbers.
  • Identify and blend syllables.
  • Demonstrate book handling skills.
  • Discuss environmental print.
  • Recognize own name in print
  • Listens for how a story is read with expression.
  • Answer questions about a story. 
  • Learn some new oral vocabulary words.
  • Recognize and produce rhyming words.
  • Learn and use high frequency words
  • Grammar: Use nouns for people.
  • Develop oral language skills.
  • Practice retelling a story.
  • Identify main ideas.
  • Learn punctuation skills.
  • Listen for how to pause for punctuation in a selection. 
  • Answer questions about a selection.
  • Learn some new oral vocabulary words.
  • Identify beginning, middle and ending sounds.
  • Identify synonyms.
  • Use basic grammar skills to form descriptive sentences.
  • Identify sources information.
  • Read fluently with expression

Mathematics 

  • Discuss numbers in everyday life.
  • Use numbers in everyday life.
  • Rote count up to 100.
  • Skip count to 100 by tens, fives and twos.
  • Count backwards from ten.
  • Sequence numerals up to 100.
  • Count groups of objects in a set using one to one correspondence.
  • Count on from a number.
  • Understand the relationship between number and quantity.
  • Explore number conservation.
  • Associate the number of objects in a set with the appropriate numeral.
  • Use numbers to compare groups of objects and determine more, less, equal.
  • Divide a group of objects in equal shares.
  • Recognize ordinal numbers (first, second, third, fourth, fifth).
  • Identify and write numbers to 30.
  • Recognize patterns in sounds, motions and objects.
  • Generate patterns and observe similarities and differences in patterns.
  • “Read” and continue patterns of up to three different objects.
  • Begin to understand concept of addition and subtraction.
  • Add and subtract whole numbers up to 10.
  • Add and subtract a one digit number to or from a two digit number.
  • Read and understand math symbols +, - , =.
  • Use addition and subtraction to solve simple oral and written problems.
  • Use simple additions and subtractions to generate stories.
  • Identify basic plane figures (square, rectangle, triangle, circle, oval, diamond, star) regardless of their orientation.
  • Draw and trace basic plane figures.
  • Describe and compare shapes.
  • Identify shapes in real world objects.
  • Put together shapes to make pictures and designs.
  • Recognize shapes divided into equal parts.
  • Divide shapes in half.
  • Understand and recognize symmetry in shapes (in regards to a given axle).
  • Recognize different dimensions (length, height, width).
  • Make visual comparisons of objects and identify large, larger, largest, small, smaller, smallest.
  • Understand and use vocabulary associated with measuring, such as: long / short, more / less,  heavy / light.
  • Measure lengths using non-standard units (hand span, pencil length, toilet paper, etc.) to solve simple problems.
  • Understand how the size of the unit affects the outcome of the measurement.
  • Begin to understand the need for standard measuring units.
  • Identify instruments used to measure time, length, weight, volume and temperature.
  • Use scales to compare weights of different objects.
  • Compare and measure.
  • Record measurements.
  • Use standard and non-standard measuring tools.
  • Understand ordinal numbers.
  • Sequence events.
  • Understand and be aware of time concepts.
  • Know the days of the week and the months of the year.
  • Understand and use the calendar.
  • Tell time to the hour using analog and digital clocks.
  • Read and understand daily schedules.
  • Begin to understand the concept and uses of money.
  • Gather Data: Counting and Tally marks.
  • Collect and display information by using graphs.
  • Read and use information from graphs.
  • Organize information using Venn Diagrams.
  • Estimate the number of objects in a given set.

Science

Science will be worked through the themes. Children will focus on Weather,Plants, Animals, Environment and how the human body works.

  • Understand the scientific process. (Predict, hypothesize, experiment, prove, record and conclude)
  • Use science materials.
  • Use instruments in experiments.
  • Work independently and in a team to obtain scientific answers.
  • Develop scientific thinking skills.

Social Studies

Children will develop these skills through the themes worked. They will be related to our Dominican Culture, the children’s environment and the most important American festivities and cultural elements.

Geography

  • Understand the use of maps and the basic symbols.
  • Locate the Dominican Republic and the United States on a map.
  • Compare the Dominican Republic to other countries, location, relative size, weather conditions, etc.
  • Understand what is a lake, a mountain, a river, an ocean, a valley and a plain.
  • Identify oneself as a member of a specific family and cultural group.

History

  • Demonstrate knowledge about key historical figures and their role in our history.
  • Begin to understand the different cultures.
  • Learn about the American culture.
  • Learn about our Dominican History and historical events.
  • Feel proud of one’s racial and cultural identity.

Visual Arts and Drama

The children will be exposed to art in many ways to develop the following:

  • Develop artistic abilities and attitudes.
  • Develop ability to be an art critic.
  • Learn art techniques.
  • Use recycled materials appropriately to create other things.
  • Use art to communicate and express their opinions.
  • Perform in front of an audience.
  • Participate in plays and shows with confidence.
  • Learn scripts, poems and songs to perform for a determined audience.
  • Use props for dramatic purposes.
  • Make props for dramatic purposes.

Music

  • Develop musical abilities and attitudes.
  • Recognize different types of music.
  • Explore rhythm and sound.
  • Use rhythm and sound.
  • Use different musical instruments.
  • Repeat rhymes.

Physical Development

Gross Motor Skills

  • Develop and strengthen balance and coordination.
  • Jump with security.
  • Walk with security.
  • Skip obstacles.
  • Learn organized games and participate with enthusiasm.
  • Climb with coordination.
  • Show physical maturity and strength.
  • Balance on one foot.
  • Balance on both feet.
  • Coordinate movements.
  • Respond physically to verbal prompts and instructions.

Fine Motor Skills

  • Develop hand-eye coordination.
  • Perform every tasks with precision.
  • Use drawing, writing and building tools with precision.
  • Strengthen grip.
  • Lace, cut, paste, paint and draw with coordination.

Use of all Senses in Learning

  • Demonstrate skills in identifying and discriminating sounds.
  • Demonstrate visual discrimination skills.
  • Discriminate between different smells.
  • Discriminate and identifies different tastes (sweet, sour, salty, bitter).
  • Discriminate differences in textures.