Fourth Grade

This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of 4th grade.  It focuses on the key skills your child will learn in these subjects, which will build a strong foundation for success in the other subjects him or her studies throughout the school year. This guide is based on the new Common Core State Standards, which have been adopted by more than 40 states. These K–12 standards are informed by the highest state standards from across the country. If your child is meeting the expectations outlined in these standards, he or she will be well prepared for 5th grade.


English Language Arts and Literacy

Building the stamina and skills to read challenging fiction, nonfiction, and other materials is fundamental in 4th grade. Your child will continue to learn about the world as well as build vocabulary skills by reading more complicated stories and poems from different cultures and a range of books on history, science, art, and music. Fourth grade students also will make important strides in their ability to explain plainly and in detail what a book says — both explicitly and what is implied from its details. By 4th grade, your child will be writing effective summaries, book reports, and descriptions of characters or events that use correct grammar and punctuation.

Some Main Topics That You Child Will Cover In 4th Grade:

 Describing the basic elements of stories — such as characters, events, and settings — by drawing on specific details in the text

 Paying close attention to key features on informational books and articles: these include understanding the main and supporting ideas; being able to compare and contrast information; and explaining how the author uses facts, details, and evidence to support particular points

 Comparing ideas, characters, events, and settings in stories and myths from different cultures

 Writing summaries or opinions about topics supported with a set of well-organized facts, details, and examples

 Independently conducting short research projects on different aspects of a topic using evidence from books and the Internet

 Paraphrasing and responding to information presented in discussions, such as comparing and contrasting ideas and analyzing evidence that speakers use to support particular points

 Reporting orally on a topic or telling a story with enough facts and details

 Writing complete sentences with correct capitalization and spelling

 Relating words that are common in reading to words with similar meanings (synonyms) and to their opposites (antonyms)


Mathematics

In 4th grade, your child will gain important new skills while continuing to build on what he or she learned the previous year. One of the main areas studied in 4th grade is arithmetic and applying it to solve problems. This is an important life skill, and your child should make significant strides in this area during the year. Your child will also build knowledge and skills with fractions to prepare for mastering this topic in 5th and 6th grades. These skills will help ensure your child is ready for algebra and advanced math.

In 4th grade, these topics are included:

 Doing arithmetic and solving word problems with multi-digit numbers

 Doing arithmetic and solving word problems with fractions

 Using whole-number arithmetic to solve word problems, including problems with remainders and problems with measurements

 Adding and subtracting whole numbers quickly and accurately (numbers up to 1 million)

 Multiplying and dividing multi-digit numbers in simple cases (e.g., multiplying 1,638 × 7 or 24 × 17,and dividing 6,966 by 6)

 Understanding and applying equivalent fractions(e.g., recognizing that 1⁄4 is less than 3⁄8 because 2⁄8 is less than 3⁄8)

 Adding, subtracting, and multiplying fraction sin simple cases (such as 2 3⁄4 − 1 1⁄4 or 3 × 5⁄8), and solving related word problems

 Understanding simple decimals in terms of fractions (e.g., rewriting 0.62 as 62⁄100)

 Measuring angles and finding unknown angles in a diagram


Social Studies

During the 2013-2014 school year we have adopted an innovated and engaging educational tool to instill in children the desire to be lifelong learners, to value the past and to understand their roles as citizens of our country and our world.  The students will receive a weekly newspaper with different topics that cover the Common Core grade level requirements.

Studies Weekly will improve students’ literacy skills and help facilitate the return of social studies as a meaningful and substantive part of students’ education.

         We believe Social Studies is important for teaching young citizens the values. We believe that Social Studies is the “owner’s manual” for the liberties that empower "we the people" to govern ourselves. 


Science

To be competitive in the 21st century, students must have the knowledge and skills to succeed in college and in the knowledge-based economy.  Today, students are no longer just competing with their peers but with students from across the globe. It is necessary for students to be held to the same academic expectations as students in other countries.

The Next Generation Science Standards offer a vision of science learning that presents both learning opportunities and demands for all students. The Next Generation Science Standards are connected to the Common Core Standards for English language arts and Mathematics. 


Physical Education

The Fourth Grade students will develop fundamental physical skill and progress to complex movement activities as physically able.  They will incorporate rules and safety procedures into physical activities and understand the concepts of physical fitness and develop and monitor their personal fitness goals.           

They will develop physical skills and learn to control their body in motion, throw overland with accuracy and force, jump and land for height and distance, balance with control, transfer weight from feet to hands at different speeds.  Students will throw a ball to a receiver, strike an object toward a target or partner with consistency and an appropriate grip, recognize and describe accurately the critical elements of a throw made by a classmate and support, lift and control body weight in a variety of activities. Other activities will include ping pong, basketball, baseball, softball, soccer and the participation in intramurals.

Fourth graders will follow and accept rules without negative reactions, follow safety procedures, demonstrate sportsmanship, and cooperation in supervised games and fitness activities. They will help a classmate evaluate and improve a performance or skill, as well as their own without blame.  Students will participate in physical activities to improve fitness and muscular strength development.


Cívica

Fourth Grade students will learn and reflect about life in the family, the school and the community, as well as formalize and strengthen attitudes which develop standards of ethics related to relationships and interrelationships between children and adults. They will internalize fundamental values, such as self-esteem and confidence, as well as identify adequate behavior, exhibit responsibility and commitment.  Students will show respect for diversity and the environment. Additionally they will understand, assume and internalize their rights and comply with their duties as citizens.  They will develop the concept of solidarity, participation and respect societal norms.  Students will value their personal identity as an individual.

Students will demonstrate understanding of the democratic process, elaborate rules, form a part of the classroom decision making process, participate in community activities and integrate with the family. They will understand the importance of justice, equality and compliance with the norms that each individual member of society deserves.  The importance of community, governmental and other social organizations, the role and functions of the Mayor’s Office will be understood, as well the integration of the value of peace in declaring human rights and duties.  The students will understand the power of the State and its representative including the legislators, the judiciary and the executive branches of the government.

The thematic units will include:  Democratic participation, Justice in society, The Social Sectors in my Community, Development of Human Values, Rights and Obligations of Children, and the Power of the Dominican Government.


Lengua Española

Fourth Grade students will learn and understand narrative text and identify the essential elements in a tale, and a post card, as well as interpret information in a text’s paragraph.  They will also recognize nouns, articles, adjectives and verbs; learn the basic concepts of strong syllables.  They will interpret the global meaning and action parts of stories. Students will understand and extract the main ideas and identify the structure in an instructive text and in a poem, as well as define concepts of possessive and demonstrative adjectives and learn to properly use accent marks.  Students will understand verb tenses and recognize and use adverbs.  They will apply the rules for writing.

Aside from predicting and identifying the most important actions in a story, they will also identify and interpret a theatrical tale and describe and dramatize a scene. Students will understand and extract the main ideas and identify the structure in an instructive text and in a poem. Students will recognize the usage of personal pronouns and will recognize the subject and predicate in a sentence. They will conduct an interview, read and understand a dialogue in a narrative; predict what a story will be about according to the illustrations, as well as describe the characters. 


Estudios Sociales

Fourth graders will develop progressive autonomy in themselves and their world. They will understand and identify the characteristics of the natural environment and value the conservation of our natural resources. They will recognize the physical and human geographical characteristics of the territory of our country, the region of the Caribbean and the American continent. They will learn about the historical, social, political processes in the formation of the Dominican Republic as well as the Caribbean and America.  The students will develop awareness about the situation in Europe and Africa in the XIV, XV and XVI centuries and identify the causes for European expansion.  Likewise they will know about the European situation during the XVII, XVIII and XIX centuries.

Students will learn the characteristics of the Planet Earth, such as: geographic limits and coordinates.  Students will be able to recognize different kinds of weather in different regions of the Earth, especially in the Dominican Republic.  They will learn and identify the mountainous regions as well as the rivers and lake systems of the Dominican Republic.  Students should be able to name and identify our country’s geographic limits and the economy of its different regions. Students will be exposed to the early history of the Dominican Republic: the first settlers, Taino culture and customs before the discovery.  They will learn, discuss and explore America’s Discovery, the conquest of the island by Spanish explorers and further settlements on the island. Students will learn about life in the first colony of Santo Domingo and its early political and economic systems.

Fourth graders will learn about the Contraband Period and its influence and the consequences for the people on the island at that period of time.  They will learn about the Haitian invasion and how independence started to blossom in people’s minds and how the Independence process started, developed and finally the Spanish intervention, the Restoration of the country’s Dominican democracy and identity.

Thematic units will include: Our World, The Natural Environment, The Dominican Republic, The Indians, The Discovery of America, The Colonies, The Division of the Island and the Republic.


Art    

Elementary students from grades one through five will become increasingly more aware of the contributions that the arts make to society and the effects that they have on the quality of life.  Students will become aware and develop an appreciation of individual abilities to invent, create, transform and improve the quality of life.  Students will have the opportunity to visit expositions and museums, as well as share and reflect on their experiences.  They will develop the skills needed to create artistic works and foster their own individual creativity.

Students will participate in simple to more complex artistic activities which will include the drawing of figures and backgrounds, learning to combine colors at different scales, as well as the identification of primary and secondary colors. They will use the line as the basic element of drawing to make compositions and learn symmetry.  Skills will be developed to execute three dimensional objects. Students will be exposed to art history and the use of color techniques to express themselves artistically.       

Thematic units will include the relationship of background figures, the study of colors and complementary colors, the warm and cold colors and the psychology of colors and lines; the use of varied techniques in making collages and the introduction of the use of clay to form different objects; identification of classical paintings and understand design concepts. They will be introduced to illustration techniques, such as cartoons, landscaping and letter illustration. Students will also have the opportunity to learn about recognized artists from around the world and study their work.


Technology

The student will demonstrate ability to use the Windows operating system by identifying the different tools offered to listen and play sounds, select sound editor, open/close sound files, combine the use of sound files and text, use different options for Windows Media Player such as masks, visualizations to change Windows Media Player’s appearance, play videos, play music online on the computer, and the correct use of the keyboard for gaining typing skills.

Students also use the programs Word, Excel and PowerPoint. Within Word students will combine the capability to view text files and images, distinguish the necessary tools to manipulate an image, AutoShapes manager, and edit text from lowercase to uppercase. In PowerPoint students will be able to apply animation effects to objects, add transitions to a slide with complementary sounds previously recorded by students, as well as to create a customized presentation.


Educación en la Fe

Elementary students will be exposed to the concept of faith and its importance in strengthening the inner self through the understandings and teachings from the Bible.  Students will learn about the fundamental values necessary to be good Christians.  


The Ministry of Education requires that all Elementary students learn Spanish, Dominican History, Religion and Civics.  It is important to learn, maintain and advance the use of the home language, the history and traditions of the Dominican Republic and to create civic awareness and responsibility so as to form future young women and men prepared to become the leaders of tomorrow.