First Grade

This guide provides an overview of what your child will learn by the end of 1st grade in mathematics and English language arts/literacy. It focuses on the key skills your child will learn in these subjects, which will build a strong foundation for success in the other subjects him or her studies throughout the school year. This guide is based on the new Common Core State Standards, which have been adopted by more than 40 states. These K–12 standards are informed by the highest state standards from across the country. If your child is meeting the expectations outlined in these standards, he or she will be well prepared for 2nd grade.


English Language Arts and Literacy

In 1st grade, your child will become a more independent reader and writer. Your child will continue to learn and practice rules for recognizing the sounds that make up words and will be able to sound out more complex words. Such foundational skills are necessary and important components of developing proficient readers with the capacity to comprehend a wide range of materials. Students will learn to think about what they read and talk about the main ideas of simple stories. As they write and speak, 1st graders will learn to use language appropriately; this includes using complete sentences and spelling words with increasing accuracy.

·         Using phonics (matching letters and sounds) and word analysis skills to figure out unfamiliar words when reading and writing

  • Describing characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details
  • Getting facts and information from different writings 
  • Writing about a topic, supplying some facts, and providing some sense of opening and closing
  • Participating in shared research and writing projects (e.g., exploring a number of “how-to” books and using them to write a sequence of instructions)
  • Taking part in conversations about topics and texts being studied by responding to the comments of others and asking questions to clear up any confusion 
  • Describing people, places, things, and events with relevant details, expressing ideas and feelings clearly and with complete sentences
  • Producing and expanding complete simple and compound statements, questions, commands, and exclamations 
  • Identifying the correct meaning for a word with multiple meanings, based on the sentence or paragraph in which the word is used (e.g., deciding whether the word bat means a flying mammal or a club used in baseball)
  • Learning to think about finer distinctions in the meanings of near-synonyms (e.g., marching, prancing, strutting, strolling, walking)

Mathematics

In 1st grade, your child will gain important new skills needed for the 21st century. One of the most important outcomes for the year is to improve speed and accuracy adding with a sum of 20 or less and subtracting from a number 20 or less (e.g., 17 – 8). 

Another important goal in 1st grade is adding with a sum of 100 or less; this will rely on understanding what the digits mean in a number such as 63 (namely, 63 is six tens and three ones). Working with multi-digit addition this year will set the stage for 2nd grade, when your child will be working with three-digit numbers and adding and subtracting with larger numbers.

  • Adding with a sum of 20 or less and subtracting from a number 20 or less
  • Using understanding of place value to add and subtract
  • Solving addition and subtraction word 
  • Solving addition and subtraction word problems in situations of adding to, taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing (e.g., a taking from situation would be: “Five apples were on the table. I ate some apples. Then there were three apples. How many apples did I eat?”)
  • Adding with a sum of 20 or less, and subtracting from a number 20 or less, for example by using strategies based around the number 10 (e.g., to solve 13 – 4, one can start with 13, subtract 3 to reach 10, and then subtract 1 more to reach 9)
  • Quickly and accurately adding with a sum of 10 or Less, and quickly and accurately subtracting from a number 10 or less (e.g., 2 + 5, 7 – 5)
  • Understanding what the digits mean in two-digit numbers (place value)
  • Using understanding of place value to add and subtract (e.g., 38 + 5, 29 + 20, 64 + 27, 80 – 50)
  • Measuring lengths of objects by using a shorter object as a unit of length
  • Making composite shapes by joining shapes together, and dividing circles and rectangles into halves or fourths 
  • Compare Lengths
  • Time to the Hour and Half Hour
  • Use a picture Graph
  • Use a Bar Graph
  • Take a Survey
  • Identify Shapes-geometry
  • Equal Shares
  • Algebra. Addition Function Tables
  • Algebra . Subtraction Function Tables

Social Studies

During the 2013-2014 school year we have adopted a innovated and engaging educational tool to instill in children the desire to be lifelong learners, to value the past and to understand their roles as citizens of our country and our world.  The students will receive a weekly newspaper with different topics that cover the Common Core grade level requirements.

Studies Weekly will improve students’ literacy skills and help facilitate the return of social studies as a meaningful and substantive part of students’ education.We believe Social Studies is important for teaching young citizens the values. We believe that Social Studies is the “owner’s manual” for the liberties that empower "we the people" to govern ourselves. 


Science

To be competitive in the 21st century, students must have the knowledge and skills to succeed in college and in the knowledge-based economy.  Today, students are no longer just competing with their peers but with students from across the globe. It is necessary for students to be held to the same academic expectations as students in other countries.

The Next Generation Science Standards offer a vision of science learning that presents both learning opportunities and demands for all students. The Next Generation Science Standards are connected to the Common Core Standards for English language arts and Mathematics. 


Physical Education

The Physical Education Program provides students with the opportunity to actively participate in many types of sequential movement activities leading towards an awareness of the importance of a healthy lifestyle.  They will acquire adequate age appropriate knowledge and the skills needed to maintain an active life through movement and physical fitness.

The First Grade students will develop the fundamental physical skills and advance to more complex movement activities. They will understand the concepts of physical fitness and develop and monitor individual progress.

         They will participate in activities including skip patterns, gallop forward, slide with each foot, move as a group, balance with momentary stillness using different body parts, throw and catch a ball, and kick a rolling ball. 


Art    

Elementary students from grades one through five will become increasingly more aware of the contributions that the arts make to society and the effects that they have on the quality of life.  Students will become aware and develop an appreciation of individual abilities to invent, create, transform and improve the quality of life.  

Students will participate in simple to more complex artistic activities which will include the drawing of figures and backgrounds, learning to combine colors at different scales, as well as the identification of primary and secondary colors. They will use the line as the basic element of drawing to make compositions and learn symmetry.  Skills will be developed to execute three dimensional objects. Students will be exposed to art history and the use of color techniques to express themselves artistically.       

Thematic units will include the relationship of background figures, the study of colors and complementary colors, the warm and cold colors and the psychology of colors and lines; the use of varied techniques in making collages and the introduction of the use of clay to form different objects; identification of classical paintings and understand design concepts. 


Technology

In this first elementary level, students learn to recognize parts of the computer and its functions. Use of the Windows Operating system and correct use of the keyboard in order to gain typing skills by the use of our typing program that includes exercises to develop the ability to type correctly, students practice letters and develop more motors skills by practicing from 5 to 10 minutes during each class throughout the school year.

Students are focused in programs such as WordPad and Paint, which they prepare simple documents in WordPad by typing text in various sizes, fonts and colors, also they are able to open, save and print files. Once a week students use the technology resources to practice material from one of their other classes.


Cívica

First Grade students will learn and reflect about life in the family, the school and the community, as well as formalize and strengthen attitudes which develop standards of ethics related to relationships and interrelationships between children and adults. They will internalize fundamental values, such as self-esteem and confidence, as well as identify adequate behavior, exhibit responsibility and commitment.  Students will show respect for diversity and the environment. Additionally they will understand, assume and internalize their rights and comply with their duties as citizens.  They will develop the concept of solidarity, participation and respect societal norms.  Students will value their personal identity as an individual.

The first graders will learn about themselves as individuals and as part of a family, as well as caring for their physical and cultural environment.  They will learn to share tasks as members of a family, accept their role as a family member and understand authority.  Students will understand their rights and responsibilities as children, as members of a family, and as members of society.  First graders will learn the importance of respect, solidarity and cooperation which includes family, classmates and acceptable community norms.  Additionally, they will learn to accept individual differences and realize that we all act and think differently, but learn to discuss, work together and make just decisions.

The thematic units will include:  I Am a Part of a Group, My Family, My Rights and Responsibilities, Respect, Solidarity and Cooperation, Being Part of a Community and Value for my country.


Lengua Española

First Graders will demonstrate interest in communication skills and respect the norms of verbal exchange.  They will orally understand narrative texts and know the letters of the alphabet individually and in combination where they can discriminate between different vowel patters.  Students will show their interest in Spanish reading and writing skills, as well as be able to read and comprehend words, sentences and short passages with speed.

Through the use of hands-on materials, story books, games, workbooks and texts students will learn to identify all the letters of the Spanish alphabet.  They will begin to write, enumerate, describe places, clothes, scenes, write an invitation, as well as to narrate a sequence of events or a step by step process, use rhymes, follow and write basic instructions and organize and write a story.


EstudiosSociales

First graders will increase their personal knowledge and of others in the areas physical, racial, ethnicity, familiar and the cultural society.  They will progressively develop autonomy, security and self-confidence, as well as their perception and comprehension of the relationship with social issues that affect the family, school, neighborhood, community and region. They will understand and identify the general characteristics of natural environment and to value the conservation and rational use of the surrounding natural resources.

First grade students will learn to develop habits of work in the contexts familiar, scholastic and communitarian. They will be able to recognize and understand the multiple forms of organization of work and to relate them to groups of people. They will develop a democratic culture of participation, tolerance and respect between the children in the family, the school, the community and the town. They will build up an attitude of investigation and of identity facing the territory and to the different cultural manifestations from the surroundings, region, the nation and the world.Thematic units will include:  We are Dominican, Where We Live, Where We Learn, My Community, The Country and The City, My Needs, Work and Production and My Country.


Educación en la Fe

Elementary students will be exposed to the concept of faith and its importance in strengthening the inner self through the understandings and teachings from the Bible.  Students will learn about the fundamental values necessary to be good Christians. 

First Graders will learn to appreciate, respect and value the life of people, plants and animals and understand that they must be taken care of, loved and protected as creatures created by God.   As part of God’s plan and through His gift of life, they will discover the importance of the family and of nature.  The students will discover and appreciate the creation as part of the beauty that God has given us.  


The Ministry of Education requires that all Elementary students learn Spanish, Dominican History, Religion and Civics.  It is important to learn, maintain and advance the use of the home language, the history and traditions of the Dominican Republic and to create civic awareness and responsibility so as to form future young women and men prepared to become the leaders of tomorrow.